Leveraging collective intelligence and AI to learn society

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A solar-powered autonomous drone scans for forest fires. A surgeon first operates on a digital coronary heart earlier than she picks up a scalpel. A world neighborhood bands collectively to print private safety tools to combat a pandemic.

“The longer term is now,” says Frédéric Vacher, head of innovation at Dassault Systèmes. And all of that is doable with cloud computing, synthetic intelligence (AI), and a digital 3D design store, or as Dassault calls it, the 3DEXPERIENCE innovation lab. This open innovation laboratory embraces the idea of the social enterprise and merges collective intelligence with a cross-collaborative method by constructing what Vacher calls “communities of individuals—passionate and keen to work collectively to perform a standard goal.”

This podcast episode was produced by Insights, the customized content material arm of MIT Technology Evaluation. It was not produced by MIT Technology Evaluation’s editorial workers. 

“It’s not solely software program, it isn’t solely cloud, however it’s additionally a neighborhood of individuals’s abilities and companies accessible for {the marketplace},” Vacher says. 

“Now, as a result of applied sciences are extra accessible, newcomers also can disrupt, and that is the place we need to focus with the lab.” 

And for Dassault Systèmes, there’s limitless real-world alternatives with the ability of collective intelligence, particularly when you’re bringing collectively trade specialists, health-care professionals, makers, and scientists to deal with covid-19. Vacher explains, “We created an open neighborhood, ‘Open Covid-19,’ to welcome any volunteer makers, engineers, and designers to assist, as a result of we noticed at the moment that many individuals have been making an attempt to do issues however on their very own, of their lab, of their nation.” This wasted time and sources throughout a worldwide disaster. And, Vacher continues, the urgency of working collectively to share data turned apparent, “They have been all dealing with the identical points, and by working collectively, we thought it could possibly be an attention-grabbing strategy to speed up, to switch the know-how, and to keep away from any errors.”

Enterprise Lab is hosted by Laurel Ruma, director of Insights, the customized publishing division of MIT Technology Evaluation. The present is a manufacturing of MIT Technology Evaluation, with manufacturing assist from Collective Subsequent. 

This episode of Enterprise Lab is produced in affiliation with Dassault Systèmes. 

Present notes and hyperlinks 

“How Effective is a Facemask? Here’s a Simulation of Your Unfettered Sneeze,” by Josh Mings, SolidSmack, April 2, 2020 

“Open COVID-19 Community Lets Makers Contribute to Pandemic Relief,” by Clare Scott, The SIMULIA Weblog, Dassault, July 15, 2020

Dassault 3DEXPERIENCE platform

“Collective intelligence and collaboration around 3D printing: rising to the challenge of Covid-19,” by Frédéric Vacher, STAT, August 10, 2020

Full Transcript 

Laurel Ruma: From MIT Technology Evaluation, I’m Laurel Ruma. And that is Enterprise Lab, the present that helps enterprise leaders make sense of recent applied sciences popping out of the lab and into {the marketplace}. 

Our subject as we speak is accelerating disruptive improvements to learn society by constructing and operating large simulations. The world has huge issues, and it’s going to take all of us to assist resolve them. Two phrases for you: collective intelligence.  

My visitor is Frédéric Vacher, who’s the top of innovation at Dassault Systèmes. He’s a mechanical engineer who has had an extended profession at Dassault. First, main the partnership program, after which launching the 3DEXPERIENCE Lab. This episode of Enterprise Lab is produced in affiliation with Dassault Systèmes. Frédéric, welcome to Enterprise Lab. 

Frédéric Vacher: Good morning, Laurel. Good morning, everybody. 

Laurel: May you begin by first telling us a bit about Dassault Systèmes? I don’t need listeners to be confused with the aviation firm, as a result of we’re speaking a few 3D modeling and simulation enterprise that was based virtually 40 years in the past and has greater than 20,000 workers across the globe. 

FrédéricYeah, that’s true. We’re Dassault Systèmes, the 3D expertise firm. We have been digital since day one. Dassault Aviation is considered one of our purchasers—like all of the aerospace corporations—however our clients are additionally automobile, shipbuilding, client items, client packaged items corporations, and so forth. We’re a worldwide chief in offering digital options, from design simulation to manufacturing and we cowl 11 industries. Our goal is to harmonize product, nature, and life. 

For the previous two years, we have helped our purchasers’ trade roles to innovate by digitalizing and engineering their merchandise from very advanced merchandise to less complicated merchandise. For the previous 10 years, we’ve got invested very strongly in two instructions: the character of life and from issues, to life. 

Laurel: That may be a sophisticated form of course of to form of think about. However with the 3DEXPERIENCE Lab, scientists and engineers can go in and construct these cloud-based simulations for 3D modeling, digital twins, and product in a manner that’s actually collaborative, profiting from that human system. May you discuss to us a bit extra about why Dassault felt it was necessary to create this 3DEXPERIENCE Lab in a manner that was so collaborative? 

FrédéricWe began the 3DEXPERIENCE Lab initiative 5 years in the past to speed up newcomers, very small actors, startups, makers, as we consider that innovation is in every single place. For 40 years, we innovated with the aerospace and protection trade. [For example] we established a partnership with Boeing on the 777, as an illustration, the primary airplane that was totally digitized [made into a digital twin]. And not solely the product, however all of the processes and the factories. Now, as a result of applied sciences are extra accessible, newcomers also can disrupt, and that is the place we need to focus with the lab. This lab is focusing on open innovation with startup accelerators empowering communities on-line, communities of individuals, passionate and keen to work collectively to accomplish a standard goal. 

Laurel: And since it’s an open lab, anybody can take part. However you’ve created a selected program for startups. May you inform us extra about that program? 

FrédéricBecause the starting, we’ve got been figuring out and sourcing startups that present a powerful affect to society as a disruptive product or venture desirous to make an actual affect. This program offers these startups entry to our software program {and professional} options that the trade is utilizing in their day-to-day actions. But additionally funds to this cloud platform for communities to create entry to mentors. Mentors will assist them speed up of their growth, offering know-how and data. 

Laurel: That form of entry for startups is reasonably troublesome to get, proper? As a result of this sort of software program is skilled grade, it’s costly. They might not have the ability to afford it or perceive that they even have entry to it. However curiously, it isn’t simply the software program corporations and startups that would have entry to it is also the individuals who work at Dassault, right? 

FrédéricYeah, that’s right. Thanks to this 3DEXPERIENCE platform within the cloud, as you talked about, we’ve got 20,000 individuals worldwide in 140 nations. These persons are educated as they assist their enterprise in lots of industries when it comes to expertise and in science. And these individuals on a volunteering foundation, might be part of a lab venture as coach, mentor, or startup. Thanks to these cloud platforms, they are not solely discussing and offering some perception or data or steerage, however they can actually co-design with these guys. Like a Google doc, many individuals can work on the identical doc whereas being in numerous places. This program permits us to carry out the identical manner however on a digital mock-up. 

Laurel: Folks can form of actually visualize what you bear in mind. The 3DEXPERIENCE Lab does two issues. One, it creates a manner for an enterprise to construct a whole product as a 3D imaginative and prescient, incorporating suggestions from the analysis lab, the manufacturing unit ground, and the shopper. So, all of the stakeholders can work in a single atmosphere. May you give us an instance of that and the way that works? 

FrédéricIn a single atmosphere within the cloud they’ll begin with utilizing some apps, perhaps from CATIA or SolidWorks. They will do the engineering a part of the job on the identical knowledge mannequin they would use to carry out their very own simulations. Any kind of digital simulation that will assist these guys to announce the engineering and the design of their product. By means of that, they may optimize the design after which go to the manufacturing facet, delivering all of the processes wanted as much as programming the machines. However that’s, I might say, the usual strategy to function.  

Now for this platform, you’ve entry additionally to companies for market. This is especially attention-grabbing for early-stage startups as they wrestle to seek out the precise companion or the precise provider to fabricate one thing. Right here, at one click on of a button, they’ll supply elements from tens of millions of elements which might be accessible by means of certified suppliers on-line. Simply drag and drop the part into the venture. 

They will entry to 1000’s of factories worldwide, whereby, they may have the ability to produce their components for these factories, managing all of the enterprise on-line between the 2 suppliers. After which, they might additionally have entry to engineering companies, the place if you need to do one thing, however you don’t have the talents to do it, then you definately contract the job to a service bureau or certified companions that would ship the job. So, it’s not solely software program, it’s not solely cloud, however it’s additionally a neighborhood of individuals’s abilities and companies accessible for the market. 

Laurel: And it truly is a platform, proper? To straight provide companies and innovation from one firm to a different, in a manner that is very visible and hands-on, so you might really virtually demo the product before you purchase it since you are on this 3DEXPERIENCE atmosphere. How does that work? With an instance from an organization? Am I considering of that within the right manner? 

FrédéricYou’re right. The whole digital venture is completed on the platform earlier than the true product is produced. You need to develop a brand new automobile or a brand new desk or a brand new chair or new lamp, you design every little thing in 3D. You simulate to make it sturdy and then you definately do the engineering to make it possible for the manufacturing can be effective primarily based in your manufacturing capacities or companions. And, you go one step additional on that, then you possibly can actually produce the advertising operations, produce the promoting, the prime quality photos you want in your flyers, even the expertise from the video to file the commercials. So, the digital belongings that are accomplished already firstly of the venture, to engineer a brand new product, are now used not just for manufacturing, but in addition for communication, advertising, coaching, and so forth. That implies that these individuals in your advertising division can do the job in parallel and carry out all their deliverables, even when the product, the bodily product, will not be there but. 

Laurel: How do corporations really feel about sharing a few of this mental property forward of time earlier than the product is even developed? You have to need to have very particular philosophies and outlooks to need to do that, proper? 

FrédéricYeah. The IP is essential for us and clearly for our purchasers. We ship to every shopper a devoted platform in order that they’re in a 100% safe community atmosphere. That is true for the large guys like Boeing, Airbus within the aerospace trade or BMW, Tesla within the auto trade. Nevertheless it’s additionally true for smaller startups like we’re speaking about with this innovation lab. 

Laurel: The system actually does convey collectively an monumental quantity of sophisticated points, together with cybersecurity, in addition to processing energy, knowledge science, synthetic intelligence, but in addition that human intelligence. How does Dassault outline collective intelligence? Why is that so necessary as a philosophy? 

FrédéricIt’s key. Behind any venture, behind any corporations, you’ve individuals, proper? That is why on this platform, on the baseline companies, you’ve all these companies to allow individuals to collaborate, not solely to handle their venture with sequences, with milestones, with activity administration and so forth like all company would do, however now in a really agile manner for communities. To attach individuals, to assist individuals, to work higher collectively to match abilities and desires. It is a new method, clearly this method is new for professionals, however these companies have been introduced by social networks to the common public a few years in the past, however we utilized these companies to progressive processes onto engineering processes inside an organization. 

Laurel: You talked about abilities, and I believe an attention-grabbing place to form of have a look at it for a bit, is how do individuals switch data? And is that this atmosphere conducive to coaching and serving to maybe one group educate the opposite group easy methods to carry out fundamental duties or perceive a product higher? Are you seeing that when corporations work with the platform, they really convey in everybody, together with advertising? So, everybody can have a a lot better understanding of the complete product? 

FrédéricUndoubtedly. First, we share a frequent referential. So, there is no such thing as a loss in e-mail trade, in knowledge trade, and so forth. Everybody’s work round a digital twin of the venture is correct and up-to-date. Second, this platform permits you to capitalize data and know-how and it’s crucial, particularly when seniors are retiring, to switch the data to new generations. Now we have seen up to now, particularly within the aerospace trade, many fellows, who have left their firm have to come back again to the corporate as a result of they are seen as crucial within the course of with their data. Such a platform now permits corporations to maintain the data inside and to switch the data from one era to a different. 

Laurel: So that concept of collective intelligence actually does unfold all through a whole enterprise. The lab does tackle quite a lot of themes, together with healthcare. May you speak about just a few of these concepts? 

FrédéricYeah. With the lab, as I stated, we’ve got essential standards to choose a venture: a powerful, optimistic affect to society and a disruptive venture that calls for collective intelligence. We’re very selective as we actually need to suppose huge. We need to speed up about 10 initiatives a 12 months on a world standpoint. We closely use knowledge intelligence and our instruments to scan and to scroll by means of all information on the net, new VCs, the founding a new startup, [all of this is done] in an effort to perceive the weak alerts, the brand new tendencies, and give you the chance to establish these newer innovators. We use the identical platform to orchestrate this ideation course of. Having a small concept, nurturing and qualifying the concept, as much as validating this concept coming from the startups with the neighborhood—the lab neighborhood, which is ready to problem the venture to provide their insights, their strategies, after which vote. 

On each quarter, a new batch of startups are presenting their initiatives. They’re pitching utilizing the platform. Having as a file, all of these discussions on the venture from a number of,  mentors’ expertise giving their opinion, the committee’s voting contains our CEO himself, with a few members of the boards validating the venture primarily based on all these discussions. So it’s a really versatile course of. A really speedy course of, contemplating we’ve got an enormous firm. In lower than just a few months we are able to orchestrate a fully new venture.  

It’s a whole reverse method than constructing a PowerPoint doc to validate a venture. It is a very cool innovation with inclusive methodology the place each volunteer, each particular person, who desires to contribute are welcome to. And clearly when validated, the startups get free entry to our software program, to these mentors which might be recruited. Like, , on courting apps, however we’re doing matching between mentors which have experience and abilities with wants requested by these startups or on initiatives. 

Laurel: That’s fairly a profit for a startup for individuals be matched with mentors and different innovators of their specific subject. However to have Dassault’s CEO so intimately concerned in these processes? That’s actually fairly astounding. 

FrédéricIt’s large. Even when the startup will not be chosen, we’re engaged on the venture, we’re difficult the venture with specialists. Our CEO himself is difficult the venture. It is already necessary data for these guys and a large worth. To reply your query concerning the themes, we’ve got three essential themes that drives our sourcing: life, metropolis infrastructure, and life-style well-being. As I stated, what we would like is to positively affect the society. We consider that the one progress is human. So these themes, as you understood, are pushed into a greater world. 

Laurel: What’s an instance of considered one of these startups which have come to you, what are they engaged on? 

FrédéricNow we have an enormous number of initiatives. Now we have superb initiatives that, as an illustration, that are performing organ 3D printing with patient-specific geometry reconstruction in an effort to create a digital twin of a affected person. That is in an effort to have a simulator for the surgeons who would use it to coach earlier than the true surgical procedure within the working room. It was one of many first startups, BioModex, a French startup. We accelerated firstly of the lab. They began at two individuals and are now at 50 and so they began in Paris. They have now additionally settled in Boston to attach with the life science neighborhood. And it’s large in the event you have a look at it, particularly for neurosurgery, in some advanced case, the surgeon can practice by yourself digital twin earlier than the true surgical procedure. So, it reduces threat with greater effectivity. 

One other instance is about mobility on drones. We’re serving to younger startups which might be engaged on a photo voltaic autonomous drone. You bear in mind, there’s a story about photo voltaic impulse with Bertrand Piccard, a pioneer who did a world tour with a airplane powered by the solar. The restrict of this venture was the pilot, since you can’t keep too lengthy, not consuming, not consuming. I believe a drone disrupts fully the idea. This photo voltaic autonomous drone is because of carry out and function missions, like forest fireplace detection. So, if a drone can keep on the radar of any fires early within the course of, it could assist controlling borders or coasts or pipeline monitoring. We are engaged on it for the previous three years. Final summer time, they did their first check flight–12 hours powered by the solar doing 600 kilometers. So, the primary flight was successful and there’s lot of potential in this venture. It is known as a drone, however it’s extra like a airplane with two wings.  

The third one is a US-based firm SparkCharge. They’re creating transportable, ultra-fast charging models for electrical autos. Two weeks in the past, they have been on Shark Tank on ABC and so they received. They acquired funded by Mark Cuban. It’s an enormous success. 

Laurel: We must always take a minute to outline digital twin. A digital twin is a replica of a system that may be manipulated to experiment with completely different outcomes. Form of like making a photocopy to protect the unique, however to have the ability to write on or make adjustments to the copy. On this case, having a digital twin for a medical process helps the surgeon stroll by means of what she goes to do earlier than she does it on a dwell affected person.  

And the second concept of a photo voltaic autonomous drone/airplane, actually, as a result of it’s not a small drone that we consider, it is a very massive one with photo voltaic panels on it. With the ability to autonomously fly for hours on finish to survey forest fires and even oil pipelines, any form of lengthy flight capacity – that basically does sound like the longer term to me. Do you ever simply pinch your self and say, “I can’t consider these are a number of the superb initiatives persons are coming to us with?”

FrédéricYeah, the longer term is now. This 3D printed organ is in manufacturing and it’s already being used. The photo voltaic autonomous drone made its first flight, and we count on a number of flights subsequent 12 months. Issues are accelerating for the great. 

Laurel: And talking of one of the necessary issues that we’re coping with right here in 2020 is the covid-19 pandemic. Dassault Systèmes had a direct response, as many corporations are working very intently with making an attempt to work on options to the virus. So, what’s the Open Covid-19 venture and the way’s Dassault serving to? 

FrédéricAs I stated earlier, the 3DEXPERIENCE Lab has had two form of initiatives: a really collective and collaborative venture round a startup or a whole neighborhood venture with particular wants. We did that as an illustration, to reconstruct Leonardo da Vinci’s machines in 3D. We created a web-based neighborhood, shared the gathering—all these manuscripts that have been the draftings of Leonardo at the moment—to engineers. We’re utilizing our software program, or any 3D software program, to design and engineer these machines and it labored fairly effectively. It began eight years in the past, and it’s nonetheless going. Many machines have been reconstructed and now they’re forming a playground of many machines. A few of them labored and a few of them didn’t. At the moment, he invented so many issues, however clearly not every little thing was going to work. We did the identical for the covid-19 state of affairs. 

When the pandemic began, it was in China, and our colleagues have been reporting the problems to us. We noticed the pandemic coming into Europe from Italy first, after which in France. So, we determined to first work with our knowledge intelligence to know the wants by creating dashboards to scan what individuals have been saying. And really rapidly we recognized two essential wants: ventilators and safety. They have been the focus of issues. 

So we created an open neighborhood, Open Covid-19, to welcome any volunteer makers, engineers and designers, to assist, as a result of we noticed at the moment that many individuals have been making an attempt to do issues, however on their very own, of their lab, of their nation. They have been all dealing with the identical points, and by working collectively, we thought it might be an attention-grabbing strategy to speed up, to switch the know-how, to keep away from any errors accomplished already. 

For this neighborhood, we accelerated greater than 150 initiatives on the world standpoint. With round 25 ventilators in India, a startup known as Inali did a whole engineering simulation and prototyping of a brand new ventilator in eight days. As soon as once more because of the cloud and the mentoring.

For collaborative initiatives with trade, it was the case in Brazil and Mexico. To make these initiatives you’ve makers within the fab lab, making an attempt to do some frugal innovation with what they’ve. A few of these initiatives have been licensed, as an illustration, from when we labored with the Fab Basis from MIT’s Heart for Bits and Atoms (CBA). They’re gathering, with this basis, all fab labs all over the world to attach native manufacturing. It was primarily the case for cover, for PPE and for face shields, in order that they might 3D print these face shields. And we have been in a position to do some knowledge and GPS localization of these fab labs in hospitals. I believe urgency dictates to attach them regionally so that you could join to a native manufacturing. A fab lab might develop on design and fabricate PPE for the healthcare employees shut by. 

Laurel: And a type of initiatives that clearly acquired a whole lot of curiosity, is the best way that sneeze particles are unfold. And with covid-19, everybody could be very concerned with understanding how aerosol particles transfer by means of the air. 

FrédéricYeah, that’s true. We developed a sneeze simulation mannequin from the entrance of a particular person to mannequin digital particles to see the scientific simulation of the human sneeze to judge how pathogens, such as covid, would unfold. And we did this simulation mannequin with MIT’s CBA with Neil Gershenfeld to first announce the design of the PPE, private protecting tools, the face defend design. And to see from two digital individuals in entrance of them, one- or two-meters distance the place one is sneezing. What’s affect on how these particles would unfold from one particular person to the opposite, to optimize the design? We in a short time understood, as an illustration, that these face shields want a prime cowl since the particles are dropping down and infecting the different particular person. 

Laurel: So how do you see synthetic intelligence augmenting human intelligence? 

FrédéricAI, for many individuals, AI is deep studying. It’s machine studying laptop imaginative and prescient, or knowledge science–all people is doing it. For us, synthetic intelligence additionally results in generative designs, as an illustration. The algorithm creates a form that meets your design intent, your constraints. So, the designer is now not sketching the form he desires, he’s offering the constraints. The necessities on the algorithm is proposing a design form that meets these intents. It reverses fully the best way the designers carry out the perform because of the unreal intelligence. 

We spoke about human, augmented human by leveraging the digital twin. Your digital me, in a manner, of your physique, of your organs. Now we have this collaborative venture known as Residing Coronary heart pushed by our American colleagues to revolutionize, the cardiovascular science by means of life like simulations. This analysis venture delivered a coronary heart mannequin to discover novel digital therapies. And from this mannequin, we accelerated a brand new startup, a Belgium firm known as FEops that now can provide the primary and the one affected person particular simulation mannequin for structural coronary heart intervention with AI, which is able to predict the perfect TAVI [those valve implants] that the surgeon would want for matching appropriately his affected person’s anatomy. 

Laurel: So, the simulation actually does come out of the cloud, and out of the pc to actual life. And, in a speedy manner that helps individuals on a day-to-day foundation, which is actually unbelievable. It is not one thing that simply lingers round for approval. You can also make adjustments, see the impact, after which transfer on to see what else you are able to do to enhance conditions.  

The face defend venture can also be a type of that is so crucial. Bringing within the makers, as you stated, so many of us wished to become involved, and nonetheless are from all over the world, and serving to out in their very own manner. So, this concept of bringing in novice makers, in addition to startups, in addition to these professionals, in addition to enterprises, all working collectively to essentially fight a worldwide pandemic is admittedly fairly one thing else. This reveals me that Dassault actually does have an innovator’s mindset on the subject of science, on the subject of serving to humanity. How else are you seeing the successes of the 3DEXPERIENCE Lab form of ripple all through the Dassault? 

FrédéricAt Dassault Systèmes sure, we’re all innovators in a manner. That’s why, after I established this 3D lab initiative 5 years in the past, I made a decision not to create a brand new group with the boss that will carry out innovation. I used to be keen to have an inclusive administration system. We determined to permit any of our 20,000 workers to take as much as 10% of their time to volunteer on innovation accelerated by the lab. And convey their onerous abilities and their know-how data.  

And once more, that is doable because of this platform. So we invented, in a manner, a brand new administration group with communities, fully throughout silos, throughout divisions, in order that anybody might be part of a venture for few hours, just a few days or just a few weeks in an effort to work on it. It was actually a brand new governance for open innovation, with new administration methodologies that impacted not solely the particular person, or the staff, but in addition our personal platform on options. We work intently with our R&D to reinforce a few or to develop new functions, to maintain new methodologies on course of. 

Laurel: And do different corporations come to Dassault to ask, “how did you do that?” You’re a big company, with world places of work, and also you’ve been round for a very long time. You in all probability have very particular methods of considering. How did you handle in 5 years to develop into this progressive firm, they need to need to be taught from you? 

FrédéricThat’s true. I do not know in the event that they need to be taught from us, however at least get inspiration from us. What we do is we are at all times coaching forward of our time. Pondering of new methods of working on the lab. We experimented with new utilization, because of the cloud. We succeeded as a result of now it actually works with 20,000 individuals in operation with deliverables and KPIs. Our level is admittedly to encourage them and to indicate them what is feasible and what we are able to do to remodel ourselves. It is also digital transformation for Dassault Systèmes with these workers to ensure that them to suppose the way it might additionally affect them, how they’ll additionally rework their administration system and their corporations. 

Laurel: That’s glorious. What an ideal strategy to finish as we speak’s interview. Thanks a lot for becoming a member of us. 

Frédéric: Thanks, Laurel. 

Laurel: That was Frédéric Vacher, the Head of Innovation at Dassault Systèmes, who I spoke with from Cambridge, Massachusetts, the house of MIT and MIT Technology Evaluation overlooking the Charles River. 

That’s it for this episode of Enterprise Lab. I’m your host, Laurel Ruma. I’m the director of Insights, the customized publishing division of MIT Technology Evaluation. We have been based in 1899 on the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. And you will discover us in print, on the net, and at dozens of occasions every year all over the world and on-line. 

For extra details about us and the present, please try our web site at technologyreview.com. This present is on the market wherever you get your podcasts. If you happen to loved this episode, we hope you’ll take a second to fee and assessment us. Enterprise Lab is a manufacturing of MIT Technology Evaluation. This episode was produced by Collective Subsequent. Thanks for listening. 

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